THE PALACE OF CULTURE
hours at the Palace of Culture and the Hall of Mirrors:
Winter (1st of September - 30th of April):
Summer (1st of May - 31th of August):
Honorable Council endow me with their trust, the right of
disposal and the Seal, I will build a new city for You."
These were the words György Bernády, freshly elected Mayor
of Târgu Mureş began his inaugural address with on March 8,
1902. And indeed, it was Dr. György Bernády's merit that the
slumbering little town started to become a modern city at
the turn of the century.
Canalization, street lights,
schools and other public buildings are all connected with
the name of the mayor who urbanized Târgu Mureş.
Palace of Culture, one of the most characteristic examples
of art nouveau in Transylvania was also built on his
suggestion between 1911 and 1913, based on Marcell Komor
and Dezső Jakab's plans. The palace, built in the style
of Ödön Lechner's school, is lavishly decorated both
on the inside and on the outside. The roof covered with
Zsolnai maiolica tiles is in harmony with the building
as well as the facade ornamented with a monumental mosaic
based on a painting by Aladár Körösfői-Kriesch and the
reliefs by Ede Kallós.
The frescos in the lobby
are also based on Aladár Körösfői-Kriesch's works, whereas
the stained glass
windows accomplished by Miksa Roth are based on
Sándor Nagy and Ede Wigand's works.
The inside decorations are made of precious, genuine
Great Hall was originally meant to be a concert hall.
Its most precious jewel is the organ made by the Rieger brothers
from Jagendorf in 1914. It has 4463 pipes and 63 registers,
and used to be one of the biggest and best organs. It is still
Two monumental flights of Carrara
marble stairs lead to the second and third floors.
walls of the hall, which is 45 m long, are covered with
Carrara marble, and at both ends there are Venice mirrors.
The staircases are ornamented with flowery patterns,
their ceiling is set with Renaissance coffers, the windows
are Miksa Roth's works. They are glass paintings featuring
geometrical patterns and have in the middle portraits
of great Hungarians.
Smaller Hall was also built as a concert hall, but
readings are held in it, too.
Hall of the Mirrors is the most beautiful hall
of the Palace. Its name comes from the two Venetian mirrors
at the ends of the hall that seem to multiply the space.
It was built as a banqueting
hall and is adequately furnished. The six stained glass
windows inspired by Szekler folk legends are real jewels
of the hall.
They were to represent Europe
at the 1914 San Francisco World Exhibition cancelled when
the war broke out.
Palace of Culture houses several cultural institutions (Philarmonical
Orchestra, County Library,
Art Museum, Picture Gallery
and Museum of History).