Romanian flag has three colors: red., yellow and blue. It
did not suffer major changes during history. Only the distribution
of colors (proportional and position) changed, being equalized
after the revolution from 1848 when, under the impact of the
French revolution, many countries of Europe adopted the standard
flag formed by three colors. Documents attests that in some
historic periods the Romanian flag had the three colors on
horizontal, red in the upper part, yellow in the middle and
blue in the lower part. As well the proportion of the colors
was not the same as today (33% for each color).
Essentially, the three colors,
so loved by Romanian, can be identified on flags dating back
to Mihai the Brave and even Stefan the Great. More than that,
recent research indicates the presence on the Dacic standard
from Traianus Column in Rome. This flag had a special form:
a wolf head from glowing metal, from which colored ribbons
When the wind was blowing, the
flag made a whistle that frightened the enemy and encouraged
those who were fighting. In critical moments, hiding the flag
in order to prevent it from being captured by the enemy was
a common behavior of many nation, including the Dacs, Romans.
Such a hidden flag belonged to Tudor Vladimirescu, the leader
of the revolution from 1821. When the revolution was defeated,
Vladimirescu's captains decided to burn the flag in a courtyard.
Only after 60 years, in 1882, the flag was found, reconditioned
and brought to Bucharest, the capital of the country, being
displayed, with military ceremony in the House of Army. The
revolution from 1821 helped the country to free itself from
the foreign rulers, imposed by the Turkish Empire in the Romanian
Land and Moldova at the beginning of the XVIII century.
The flag is a national symbol,
linked to the history and resistance of its people, the secret
of its survival.
The Romanian flag, visible on
the national coat of arm, resisted even during communism,
when the entire heraldic of USSR satellites was caricaturized.
During time, poems, anthems
were dedicated to the Romanian flag; one of these is "
Three colors" composed by Ciprian Porumbescu, a mobilizing
song, one of the most loved by Romanians.
The Romanian flag has its colors displayed on vertical, as
follows: blue (upper), yellow ( middle) and red (lower). The
blue is cobalt, the yellow chrome and the red vermilion.