The lyrics of the
national anthem belong to Andrei Muresanu (1816-1863), romantic
poet, journalist, translator, a real fighter of the Revolution from
1848. The music was composed by Anton Pann (1796-1854), poet and
ethnographic researcher, a great man of culture, singer and author
of musical manuals.
Andrei Muresanu's poem " The
eco" issued during the Revolution from 1848, was set on musical
notes in few days, singed for the first time on June 29 1848 in
The poem will turn into the national
anthem under the name " Wake up Romanian!" instantaneously
winning glory due to its vigorous message . Since 1848, " Wake
up Romanian!"was a song very loved by Romanians, giving them
courage during crucial moments, during the Independency War (1877-1878)
and during the First and Second World War. In the moment of crisis
after August 23, when, after the state coupe, Romania turned its
weapons against Germany, this anthem was singed by everybody, broadcasted
over the radio, keeping the country alert.
The same happened on December 22 1989
during the anti communist revolution; the anthem was singed on the
streets, following the huge number of masses, scattering the fear
The message of the anthem is in the
same time social and national, social for it impose a permanent
state of vigilance to ensure the transition toward a new world,
national for it represent the traditional reborn.
The anthem contain that " now
or never", present in all anthems, from the "paion"
with which the Greeks fought at Marathon and Salamina, to the Marseilleza
of the French revolution. The invocation of the national destiny
is the highest peak a nation can reach on the fly to divinity.
Next to this anthem, Romanian has
" Hora Unirii" written in 1855 by the great poet Vasile
Alecsandri singed during the Union of Principalities and on every
occasion when the Romanion whishes union and harmony. Dancing in
circle is an old ritual, showing spiritual community, equality and
the wish of Romanian to live together.